WHAT IS A COOKIE?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any website. The purpose of the cookie is to allow the website to remember your visit when you return to browse that page. Although many people may not know it, cookies have been in use for 20 years, since the first web browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.
WHAT IS NOT A COOKIE?
It is not a virus, Trojan, worm, spam, spyware, or pop-up window opener.
WHAT INFORMATION DOES A COOKIE STORE?
Cookies typically do not store sensitive information about you, such as credit card or bank data, photos, your ID, or personal information, etc. The data they store is of a technical nature, personal preferences, content personalization, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person but with your web browser. In fact, if you regularly browse with Internet Explorer and try to browse the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the website does not recognize you as the same person because it associates with the browser, not the individual.
WHAT TYPES OF COOKIES EXIST?
Technical Cookies: These are the most basic and allow, among other things, knowing whether a human or an automated application is browsing, when an anonymous user or a registered one is browsing, which are basic tasks for the functioning of any dynamic website.
Analytical Cookies: They collect information about the type of browsing you are performing, the sections you use most, products consulted, usage time frame, language, etc.
Advertising Cookies: They display advertising based on your browsing, your country of origin, language, etc.
WHAT ARE FIRST-PARTY AND THIRD-PARTY COOKIES?
First-party cookies are generated by the page you are visiting, while third-party cookies are generated by external services or providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
WHAT HAPPENS IF I DISABLE COOKIES?
To understand the impact of disabling cookies, we provide you with some examples:
You won't be able to share content from that website on Facebook, Twitter, or any other social network.
The website will not be able to adapt content to your personal preferences, as is common in online stores.
You won't be able to access your personal area on that website, such as My Account, My Profile, or My Orders.
Online stores: You won't be able to make online purchases; they will have to be made by phone or by visiting the physical store if available.
You won't be able to customize your geographic preferences, such as time zone, currency, or language.
The website won't be able to perform web analytics on visitors and traffic to the website, making it difficult for the website to compete.
You won't be able to write in the blog, upload photos, post comments, rate or score content. The website also won't be able to tell if you are a human or an automated application that posts spam.
Targeted advertising won't be displayed, reducing the website's advertising revenue.
CAN COOKIES BE DELETED?
Yes, not only can they be deleted, but they can also be blocked, either in general or for a specific domain.
To delete cookies from a website, go to your browser's settings, where you can search for cookies associated with the specific domain and proceed to delete them.
COOKIE SETTINGS FOR THE MOST POPULAR BROWSERS
Below, we provide instructions on how to access a specific cookie in the Chrome browser. Note: these steps may vary depending on the browser version:
Go to Settings or Preferences through the File menu or by clicking the customization icon at the top right.
You will see different sections; click on Advanced options.
Go to Privacy, Content Settings.
Select All cookies and site data.
A list of all cookies sorted by domain will appear. To find cookies from a specific domain more easily, enter all or part of the address in the Search cookies field.
After applying this filter, one or more lines with cookies from the requested website will appear on the screen. Now you just have to select them and click X to delete them.
To access cookie settings in the Internet Explorer browser, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Go to Tools, Internet Options.
Click on Privacy.
Move the slider to adjust the desired privacy level.
To access cookie settings in the Firefox browser, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Go to Options or Preferences depending on your operating system.
Click on Privacy.
In History, choose Use custom settings for history.
Now you will see the option to Accept cookies; you can enable or disable it according to your preferences.
To access cookie settings in the Safari browser for OSX, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
Here, you will see the option Block cookies to adjust the type of blocking you want to perform.
To access cookie settings in the Safari browser for iOS, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Go to Settings, then Safari.
Go to Privacy and Security, and you will see the Block cookies option to adjust the type of blocking you want to perform.
To access cookie settings in the browser for Android devices, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Run the browser and press the Menu key, then Settings.
Go to Security and Privacy, and you will see the Accept cookies option to enable or disable the checkbox.
To access cookie settings in the browser for Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings.
Now you can enable or disable the Allow cookies checkbox.